The New York Stock Exchange: Its Time For Change

November 24, 2003

Abstract

New York, NY, USA November 24, 2003

The New York Stock Exchange: It's Time for Change

Celent Communications recommends a new market structure model and intermarket trading system, and regulatory separation as the solutions to the NYSE痴 current problems.

The NYSE is in trouble. The confidence of the investing public has been shaken by flawed corporate governance, overpaid executives, unscrupulous specialists, and heated dissent about the best way to fix the exchange. It is clear that the NYSE must implement significant reforms to satisfy the demands of the public, the SEC, and its fractured membership.

In a new report, "The New York Stock Exchange: It痴 Time for Change," Celent reviews the problems associated with the NYSE痴 current market structure and corporate governance. Critical success factors, such as seat prices, market share, and financial performance indicate that the NYSE is failing to meet the needs of all constituencies.

NYSE Seat Bids and Asks, 1999 - October 2003

The report examines the pros and cons of various market structures, including the competing dealer model, the specialist system, the non-intermediary ECN model, and a hybrid model combining a physical trading floor with remote market-making. The ways in which the NYSE has managed to thwart competition from ECNs and regional exchanges are discussed. The report concludes with recommendations for the NYSE.

Celent predicts that without SEC intervention and despite the benefits of reforms, the NYSE will make only modest changes to its market structure

. Regulation will remain separate at the board level only. The specialist system will remain unchanged despite the best efforts of the next CEO. Demutualization will be considered, but ultimately rejected by the membership. However, the SEC will replace the current ITS model, which will make room for NYSE competitors and threaten the NYSE痴 80% market share.

According to Jodi Burns, author of the report, "The public scrutiny of problems at the NYSE presents an excellent catalyst for change. The corporate governance plan recently approved by the NYSE membership is an important step in the right direction, but further reforms must be adopted. The exchange should look to other capital markets for alternative market structure models in order to remove conflicts of interest and barriers to market efficiency."

The 39-page report contains 9 figures.

A is available online.

of Celent Communications' Institutional Securities & Investments and Retail Securities & Investments research services can download the report electronically by clicking on the icon to the left.  Non-members should contact info@celent.com for more information.

        

Send mail to info@celent.com with questions or comments about this Web site.

Celent is a research and advisory firm dedicated to helping financial institutions formulate comprehensive business and technology strategies. Celent publishes reports identifying trends and best practices in financial services technology and conducts consulting engagements for financial institutions looking to use technology to enhance existing business processes or launch new business strategies. With a team of internationally based analysts, Celent is uniquely positioned to offer strategic advice and market insights on a global basis. Celent is a member of the Oliver Wyman Group, which is a wholly-owned operating unit of Marsh & McLennan Companies [NYSE: MMC].

Media Contacts

North America
Michele Pace
mpace@celent.com
Tel: +1 212 345 1366

Europe (London)
Chris Williams
cwilliams@celent.com
Tel: +44 (0)782 448 3336

Asia (Tokyo)
Yumi Nagaoka
ynagaoka@celent.com
Tel.: +81 3 3500 3023

Table of Contents

 

New York, NY, USA November 24, 2003

The New York Stock Exchange

Return to report Abstract

 

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3
INTRODUCTION 5
OVERVIEW OF NYSE MARKET STRUCTURE 6
  Specialist System 6
  Best Price = Best Execution? 8
  How Electronic is the NYSE? 10
  NYSE Board of Directors 12
  Off-Exchange Trading 14
HOW IS THE NYSE DOING? 18
  Financials 18
  Seat Prices 19
  Market Share 21
NYSE ATTEMPTS TO THWART COMPETITION 22
MARKET STRUCTURE CHANGES 24
  Central Limit Order Book 24
  Separation of Regulatory Function 26
  Demutualization 28
  Corporate Governance 30
  Alternative to the Specialist System 31
LOOKING AHEAD 36
OBJECTIVITY & METHODOLOGY 38

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